From the Regional Section of the Imperial Russian Musical Society to the Conservatory: the Formation of Professional Musical Education in Nizhny Novgorod
The article is devoted to study of the main stages of formation of the tradition of professional musical education in Nizhny Novgorod. Definition is given to the key factors which conditioned the establishment in 1873 of the Nizhny Novgorod Section of the Imperial Russian Musical Society (IRMS) and specified the directions of its activities. The essential specific features of the founding in 1907 of a Musical College in the city and the enlightening activities of its employees and students are demonstrated. The most significant premises are brought to light, as is the argumentation of the necessity of the establishment in 1946 of the Conservatory, which has become a contemporary center of academic musical culture in the region. Basing themselves on archival sources, as well as on publications of recent years, the authors come to conclusions about the connection of recurrent and random factors, which determined the particularities of the formation of the Nizhny Novgorod musical enlightenment. Argumentation is given to the decisive significance in the given process of collaboration of professional musicians, musically gifted Nizhny Novgorod residents, as well as patrons. The present unity turned out to be decisive not only in the strengthening of positions in education, but also in the activation of the spheres of concert enlightenment, musical criticism and musical scholarship. In conclusion, substantiation is given to the necessity of further search for historical testimonies and their description with the aim of reconstruction of an integral model of development of musical education in Nizhny Novgorod.
Keywords: The Nizhny Novgorod Section of the Imperial Russian Musical Society, Musical College, conservatory, professional musical education, musical enlightenment.
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